Definition of zamindar 1 : a collector of the land revenue of a district for the government during the period of Mogul rule in India. 2 : a feudal landlord in British India paying the government a fixed revenue.
CH 10 EIGHTEENTH -CENTURY POLITICAL FORMATIONS
1. With reference to Mughal India, what is/are the difference/differences between Jagirdar and Zamindar? Jagirdars were holders of land assignments in lieu of judicial and police duties, whereas Zamindars were holders of revenue rights without obligation to perform any duty other than revenue collection.
Khalisa land refers to land owned directly by the Mughal Emperor. The revenue collected from these lands was sent to the Emperor’s personal treasury.
The jagir lands were different from the Khalisa land, the revenues from the Khalisa lands were earmarked for the maintenance of the imperial court and the personal expenditure of the army. The jagir of the Mughal period was similar to the iqta of the Delhi Sultanate.
The Mansabdars were paid according to their ranks. They were paid a good amount of money. Those Mansabdars, who were paid in cash, were called Naqdi. Those Mansabdars who were paid through land (Jagirs) were called Jagirdars.
BaburThe best-known members of the Mughal dynasty are its first emperors—Babur and five of his lineal descendants: Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, and Aurangzeb.
jāgīrdār system, form of land tenancy developed in India during the time of Muslim rule (beginning in the early 13th century) in which the collection of the revenues of an estate and the power of governing it were bestowed on an official of the state.
A jagir (Persian: جاگیر, romanized: Jāgir), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in the Indian subcontinent at the foundation of its Jagirdar (Zamindar) system.
1. Iqta land – land assigned or granted to religious leaders or religious institutions. 2. Khalisa land – land under the direct control of the Sultan and the revenues collected were spent for the maintenance of royal court and royal household.
(which means a role) In the mansabdari system founded by Akbar, the mansabdars were military commanders, high civil and military officers, and provincial governors. Those mansabdars whose rank was one thousand or below were called Amir, while those above 1,000 were called Amir-al Kabir (Great Amir).