Vetars and Matravers.
CH 7 TRIBES,NOMADS AND SETTLED COMMUNITIES
The Khokhar tribe was very influential in Punjab during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
They earned their livelihood by performing in different towns and villages.
Ans. Present-day nomadic pastoral groups in the sub-continent are – Gaddi shepherds living in the western Himalayas, Gujjar Bakarwals, living in Jammu & Kashmir, Banjaras living in Rajasthan. These nomadic people keep sheep, goats, and camels. They frequently visit the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Rajasthan.
Policies about Tribal population Overall upliftment. Land rights. Education. Cultural and social upliftment. Roads, water, industries. Mainstreaming. Enforcement of reservation in government jobs.
These tribes settled temporarily at the places which suited them as per their need and livelihood. Whenever they found the environment or their mode of living unfavourable, they migrated to other suitable places.
The history of the Gonds was different from that of the Ahoms in the following ways: Gonds lived in Gondwana while Ahoms lived in Brahmaputra valley. Gonds practiced shifting cultivation while Ahoms did not practice shifting cultivation. Gond kingdoms were large, Ahom kingdom was small. Gond kingdoms were divided into garhs, Ahoms built a large …
The Banjaras were very important for the economy. They were trader-nomads and controlled trade and commerce. They played an important role in transporting grain to the city markets. They usually bought grain where it was cheaply available and carried it to places where it was dearer. From there, they again reloaded their oxen with anything …
Changes in the Society The emergence of large states changed the nature of tribal society. Equal society gradually got divided into unequal social classes. Brahmanas received land grants from the Gond rajas. They became more influential. The Gond chiefs now wished to be recognised as Rajputs. Aman Das, the Gond raja of Garha Katanga, assumed …