What is a Neutralization Reaction?

Fig – Neutralization Reaction

A neutralisation reaction is a chemical process in which an acid and a base combine to produce salt and water as the end products.

H+ ions and OH ions combine to form water during a neutralisation reaction. Acid-base neutralisation is the most common type of neutralisation reaction.

As we have identified that all acids generate H+ (aq) and all bases generate OH– (aq) , we can view the neutralisation reaction as follows –

Neutralization Reaction Equation
Acid + Base (alkali) → Salt + Water
H X + M OH → MX + HOH
H+ ( aq ) + OH( aq ) → H2O ( l )

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