What is Fermentation ?

Solution :

Definition of fermentation

“Fermentation is an anaerobic process in which energy can be released from glucose in the absence of oxygen..”

What is Fermentation?

In bacteria, yeast cells, animal muscles, and other tissues, fermentation takes place. The process by which glucose is broken down is anaerobic.

Cellular respiration refers to the respiration that takes place at the most cellular level in our bodies. It happens whether oxygen is present or not. Any type of cellular respiration starts with glycolysis, the final step of which produces the 3-C molecule pyruvic acid.

Fermentation is one of the two main ways that various cells handle this pyruvate. Let us have a detailed look at fermentation, its types and anaerobic respiration.

Types of Fermentation

Lactic Acid Fermentation

In this, yeast and bacteria break down starch or sugar into lactic acid. Energy expenditure during exercise is greater than the oxygen delivered to the muscles. Lactic acid is produced as a result, which causes painful muscles.

Alcohol Fermentation

The breakdown of pyruvate, the product of glycolysis, yields alcohol and carbon dioxide. A process called alcoholic fermentation creates wine and beer.

Acetic Acid Fermentation

Grain and fruit starch and sugars ferment to produce vinegar and condiments. Consider apple cider vinegar.

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