What is the function of the Liver?


The Liver and Its Functions

The liver is the body’s largest solid organ. It performs hundreds of other crucial tasks, such as clearing toxins from the blood supply, regulating blood clotting, and preserving healthy blood sugar levels. It is in the right upper abdomen, below the rib cage.

Structure of liver

Fig – Structure of Liver

Functions of the Liver

The liver is an essential organ of the body that performs over 500 vital functions. These include removing waste products and foreign substances from the bloodstream, regulating blood sugar levels, and creating essential nutrients.

Some most important functions:

Albumin Production : Albumin is a protein that prevents bloodstream fluids from seeping into nearby tissue. Additionally, it transports vitamins, enzymes, and hormones throughout the body.

Bile Production : The small intestine’s ability to digest and absorb fats depends on the presence of bile, a fluid.
Filters Blood: The liver filters all blood that leaves the stomach and intestines by removing toxins, harmful byproducts, and other impurities.

Regulates Amino Acids: The production of proteins depends on amino acids. The liver makes sure amino acid levels in the bloodstream remain healthy.
Regulates Blood Clotting: Blood clotting coagulants are created using vitamin K, which can only be absorbed with the help of bile, a fluid the liver produces.
Resists Infections: As part of the filtering process, the liver also removes bacteria from the bloodstream.
Stores Vitamins and Minerals: The liver stores significant amounts of vitamins A, D, E, K, and B12, as well as iron and copper.
Processes Glucose: The liver removes excess glucose (sugar) from the bloodstream and stores it as glycogen. As needed, it can convert glycogen back into glucose.

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