How were the debates with religious scholars important in the formation of Akbar’s ideas on governance?

In the 1570’s at Fatehpur Sikri Akbar started discussions on religion with people of different faiths. There were ulemas, Brahmanas, Jesuit Catholic priests and Zoroastrians.

  1. These discussions took place in Ibadat Khana. These were about social and religious customs.
  2. These interactions made him realise that religious scholars are bigots. They emphasize rituals and dogma.
  3. Their teachings create divisions in society. This led to the idea of Sulh-i-Kul or ‘Universal peace’.

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