Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. Mitochondria have two membrane coverings. The outer membrane is porous while the inner membrane is deeply folded.
These folds increase surface area for ATP generating chemical reactions. The energy required for various chemical activities needed
for life is released by mitochondria in the form of ATP (Adenosine tri phopshate) molecules.
ATP is known as the energy currency of the cell. The body uses energy stored in ATP for making new chemical compounds and for
Mitochondria are strange organelles in the sense that they have their own DNA and ribosomes. Therefore, mitochondria are able
to make some of their own proteins.